[, Music, ], [, Music ] welcome to nasa's jet propulsion laboratory in southern california. Days ago, nasa's. Most sophisticated and capable rover to date landed on mars. The perseverance rover today we'll, see mars like never before, with new photos and videos.
Our panel today will help us understand how perseverance captured, what it's like to land on mars and what the landing site looks like. I'm. Your host raquel, villanueva and joining us is matt wallace, perseverance, deputy project manager, dave grull, perseverance, entry, descent and landing camera suite lead al chen perseverance, entry, descent and landing lead, justin, mackey perseverance, imaging scientist and instrument operations, team, chief jessica, samuels, perseverance, surface mission manager, ken Williford perseverance, deputy project scientist and to tell us what this all means for nasa and exploration: thomas zurbukin associate administrator for nasa's science mission directorate.
We will take questions during this briefing if you're, a member of the media on the phone lines press star, one to be put in the queue if you're on social media, use the hashtag countdown to mars. Now to get us started is jpl director mike watkins.
Now i will step aside for him to give his opening remarks. Thank you welcome back to jpl, we have a jam-packed press conference today and i was just looking at uh at the team here. I think we're, trying to add it up, maybe a hundred years of combined experience with mars rovers on the panel today now we have been working very hard since we landed the surface team has been getting the rover set up for the surface Mission, they've, been working mars time over the weekend, making fantastic progress, and you'll, hear about that today, you'll, also see some brand new images and videos that we acquired over the weekend are downlinked over the Weekend - and these are really fantastic images of the surface of mars and the rest of the descent imagery that um - that we got a preview of on friday.
These images have always been part of the history of jpl uh. You know we have taken everyone along with us on our journeys across the solar system through the rings of saturn, looking back at the pale blue dot and incredible panoramas on the surface of mars.
This is the first time we've, been able to actually capture an event like the landing of a spacecraft on mars, and these are pretty cool videos and we will learn something by looking at the performance of the vehicle in these videos.
But a lot of it is also to bring you along uh on our journey, our touchdown to mars and, of course, our surface mission as well and uh. These are really amazing videos uh. We all binge watched them over the weekend.
If you can call a one minute, video binge watching but uh, but we watched it many many times and it's really fantastic and just to show you how far we've come in history of jpl. I want to show one image: this is from mariner 4 in 1965.
, so this was actually the first data. First images sent back from mars by mariner 4 and that was hand colored by the engineers. According to a code kind of like a paint by numbers, uh, uh painting and that's there.
It is the first color color image hand painted, and so when you see these videos later uh, i think dave, grulin and justin mackey will be overjoyed that they didn't have to hand color each one of these one of these images.
So my hat is off it's, a great press conference. Today my head is off to the team. You know for getting the rover to where we are and these fantastic images down and to learn more about that team. Let me introduce matt wallace thanks very much mike and thanks for the nice words about the uh, the the team i'll.
Try to be brief, because i want to get to this video, and i know you do too um. I just want to give you a little bit of background on how this whole thing started. My daughter is a gymnast. She's been a gymnast, since she was a little kid and when she was about, i guess, 11 years old and the project was still in formulation.
She asked me for one of those little sports cameras and being the indulgent parent. I am i i got her the sports camera and she put it in the harness that it came with and she put the harness on and she did a backflip and uh.
I i don't, know about you, but uh. I cannot do a backflip, but when she showed me the video and i watched that camera pan up to the ceiling and then the room go upside down and then somehow write itself as she landed on her feet.
You know i felt for a moment that i had a glimpse into what it would be like if i could do a back flip, and that was the moment that inspired a phone call to my friend dave gruel over here and that's.
What led to this system this entry, descent and landing camera system? We call them the edl cams that you're about to see the product of here just just in a moment. Now i don't, know about you, but uh.
It is unlikely at this point, my career, that i will pilot a spacecraft down to the surface of mars. But when you see this imagery uh, i think you will feel like you are getting a glimpse into what it would be like to land successfully in jezreel.
Cradle crater, with perseverance and so without any further delay. I'm, going to turn it over to dave. He'll describe the system and we'll, get to the video thanks great thanks, matt um, the idea of adding a ruggedized commercial off shelf hardware onto a flagship spacecraft to do a nice to have function proved to be quite an Interesting challenge that matt handed over to us along the way we encountered one - maybe two people who were a little bit skeptical of what we were trying to do.
But thankfully we had the full support of project leadership. Um. All the individuals directly supporting the 2020 mission were super excited to help and in the end we were able to actually make it happen.
Our edl cam team were guided by uh two two requirements. If you will um the first one was that the entry, descent and landing system camera system must do no harm to the flight vehicle and that's, especially important during edl.
This was our one critical requirement and, as you all saw last thursday, that requirement was met. The second item is not so much as of a requirement as it is a mantra. If you will, we get what we get and we don't get upset um.
We wanted our edl cam system to get onto the vehicle and return amazing imagery of the vehicle landing in uh jezreel crater on mars, like every other element on the mars 2020 spacecraft individuals worked really hard and went above and beyond to make sure that their piece Of the spacecraft did what it was supposed to do and would be successful, but in the end we knew that our entry descent and landing camera system um the mission could still be 100 successful.
If our camera system, didn't work and if we could even get just one image or one piece of information back during edl that we shouldn't get upset and we should be excited. So, as you probably realize, after last friday's, press conference, the ddocam system successfully captured some amazing imagery of the vehicle's, descent and landing.
On the surface of mars, we collected a little over 30 gigabytes of information and over 23 000 images of the vehicle descending down to the surface of mars. As a quick introduction, if i could have the first graphic a reminder for some of you exactly what are the sensors that we included in the entry descent and landing camera system uh, there are three cameras that are located on the top of the vehicle on the Back shell uh those cameras actually capture a high rate, uh 75 frames a second imagery of the parachute inflating in the martian atmosphere.
Now one of the cameras stopped operating coincident with the mortar fire when the parachute was deployed and that's to be expected. It is a very high, dynamic environment, but luckily the other two cameras continue to operate as expected and captured.
Some amazing footage of the parachutes inflating in that martian atmosphere. We put one camera on the bottom of the descent stage that camera looked down on the rover as we lowered the rover on the bridles, the mobility system latched into position and then the vehicle touched down onto the surface of mars.
We also installed two cameras onto the rover, one on the top of the vehicle looking up on the descent stage, so the rover could actually see the descent stage, lower it down to the surface and then ideally fly off into the distance after it had delivered perseverance Safely under the surface, and then we also put a camera on the bottom of the rover, which actually looked down on the surface of mars.
Once the heat shield was dropped away and that camera continued to capture imagery until the vehicle touched down. On the surface of mars, and then we also put a microphone on the port side of the rover.
Now, unfortunately, i do have to say that we did not collect any audio during edl, but uh. Please stay tuned a little bit later in this press conference because we do have some exciting information about the edl cam microphone.
So now the reaction to the edlcam videos has been absolutely amazing around jpl and we are super excited to actually share with all of you. Video imagery of perseverance landing on the surface of mars.
Please roll the video starting the straighten up and fly right, maneuver, where the spacecraft will jettison the entry balance masses in preparation for parachute deploy and to roll over to give the radar a better look at the ground.
Applicator indicate shoot, deploy. The navigation has confirmed that the parachute has deployed and we are seeing significant deceleration in the velocity. Our current velocity is 450 meters per second at an altitude of about 12 kilometers.
From the surface of mars, heat shield set pressure, vans have now slowed to subsonic speeds and the heat shield has been separated. This allows both the radar and the cameras to get their first look at the surface.
Current velocity is 145 meters per second and an altitude of about 10 km. Nine and a half kilometers above the surface now filter converge, velocity solution, 3.3 meters per second altitude, 7.4 kilometers now has radar lock on the ground.
Current velocity is about 100 meters per second kilometers of the surface. Perseverance is continuing to descend on the parachute. We are coming up on the initialization of terrain, relative navigation and subsequently, the priming of the landing engines.
Our current velocity is about 90 meters per second at an altitude of 4.2 kilometers lvs valid. We have confirmation that the lander vision system has produced a valid solution and part of training. Relative navigation, priming pba is nominal.
We have timing of the landing engines. Backshell current velocity is 83 meters per second at about 2.6 kilometers. From the surface to mars, we have confirmation that the back shell has separated. We are currently performing the divert maneuver.
Current velocity is about 75 meters per second at an altitude of about a kilometer off the surface of mars. Here in safety. Bravo, we have completed our terrain. Relative navigation. Current speed is about 30 meters per second altitude of about 300 meters off the surface of mars.
We have started our constant velocity accordion, which means we are conducting the sky crane about to conduct the flight crane maneuver skytrain maneuver has started about 20 meters off the surface. We're, getting signals from mro tango delta, touchdown, confirmed perseverance, the surface of mars, ready to begin seeking the stands of past life.
It gives me goose bumps every time i i see it just just amazing. I hope everybody kept their uh hands and arms inside the vehicle at all times. While i was in motion um, so i do need to say uh, i wouldn't be sitting at this podium and you wouldn't, have all seen that uh amazing uh imagery without a a lot of support from an amazing team And both those who worked directly on the edl cam task, as well as those who supported us across the project.
I thank you for everything you've done to get us here today, uh just an amazing amazing accomplishment. So um i'm gonna turn over to to al al is gonna, be our color analyst doesn't have an illustrator, but he's.
Gon na actually walk through some of those videos in even more detail and actually show you some just incredible things that you can actually see once you look at those videos over and over, i'm, not sure the color commentator is supposed to have As many chills as i do right now and every time i see these videos, but i want to add my thanks to the uh to eel camera team.
I mean these videos and these images are the stuff of our dreams. It's, been the what we've, been dreaming about for years. So, thank you so much um, let's, see uh as uh as dave mentioned, we'll. Try to walk through what we see a little bit.
We won't. Take that much time because uh, we could spend literally all day looking at these videos - and some of us have spent all the weekend looking at these videos, but we'll. Just try to show you some highlights of what we've, been seeing and invite you all to continue to look for more things as we kind of see new things every time we look at these videos.
So let's start with the parachute upload camera, and let me give you a quick warning to not blink because things go really fast here. You can see that you can get a sense really of how violent that parachute, deploy and inflation are the parachute pack it's.
The parachute is packed so densely that the pack is basically the same density as oak, and it's. About 150 pounds it gets launched out of the spacecraft with a mortar, which is basically a cannon with a muzzle velocity of around 100 miles an hour, and the spacecraft itself was going about a thousand miles an hour at this point going about 1.
75 times the speed Of sound so just in case you blink, let's. Show you that one more time you kind of see that in uh in high speed and then or real time, and then we'll, slow it down and take a look at the details.
Okay, so let's. Try to walk through this a bit slower this time at about quarter speed and we'll pause at times to point out things we see. So let's start that rolling okay. Here you can see the pack getting pushed out of there.
You can kind of see the pack right in the middle as it's being pushed uh and the uh the parachute lid, which is right on top of it. It's, kind of that circle to the left of the pack was on top of the pack, and it was there to protect the parachute during entry.
It's, got some thermal protection system material on it to keep the parachute, nice and cool and protected, and the pack is used to push that lid right off the vehicle. Given that cannon force, you can also see some of the other things that have popped off of that lid, which is kind of expected, given how violent this uh this launch really is.
So let's move on from here, so we keep going out here. You can see the pack reach what we call line stretch so that's as far as it's going to go it's. Where the parachute is going to start inflating, that's about 150 feet behind the spacecraft and it got there in just under one second, so this pack is really moving.
That's, pretty much as the parachute starts to come out. You can see the pack is rotated about 90 degrees, that's, pretty common. We've, seen that in some of our testing here on earth at high altitude as well.
So let's, keep going and take a look at the inflation science really looks textbook it's, nice and symmetric. The parachute opens in only about seven tenths of a second again really fast. There's, no evidence of tangling of the lines which is great, that's uh there's about two miles of lines in the parachute system.
So the fact that we don't see any evidence of tangling or any kind of other misbehavior is great news and i'm sure we'll, be studying this video for many many years and picking it apart frame By frame and of course, we have a second camera on board as well, that recorded this, this launch and inflation of the parachute um.
You might notice the pattern that's on the the parachute here. The sync patterns are useful in helping us determine the clocking or orientation of the parachute. Also, the contrasting sections can be useful in tracking different positions of the parachute different portions of the parachute as it inflates.
So it's, especially useful when we have multiple cameras, as we do here and are trying to track features in the parachute inflating. In addition to enabling incredible science, we hope our efforts and our engineering can inspire others.
Sometimes we leave messages in our work for others to find for that purpose. So we invite you all to give it a shot and show your work. Let's, move on to the rover, download camera and take a look at that in a little bit more detail.
So if we start that up, you can see the heat shield falling away very nicely and symmetrically pausing. Here we can take a look at what we see on the on the heat shield. First, we see the medley components on the heat shield.
You can see the electronics box and the gold wires that lead to all the various to all the various sensors that measured the aerodynamics and heating during entry during the entry portion of flight, we can also see some white flecks in different places, both on the heat Shield and free flying, which are likely frost that accumulated on the heat shield that heat shield is really really cold during cruise, so it's, not at all unexpected to see some of that frost appearing on the heat shield on the inside.
You can also see something we didn't expect to see if you kind of look at the four o'clock position on the heat shield, or so towards the middle somewhere somewhere between the middle and the edge one of the springs That helped push the heat shield off seems to come loose uh, it doesn't.
You know it's, not much of a big deal, but it's. Definitely not not what we expected. If you look at the other. Eight uh springs; they actually are where they're supposed to be all around the edge of the heat shield.
There's, no danger to the spacecraft here, but it's, something we expect and i think we wouldn't see if we didn't have the camera system to show us what was going on. So let's. Keep rolling here. We can see that the heat shield basically stays in the same orientation as it flies away from us.
They'll, come back into view in a little bit, but this is uh. This is great. This is kind of what we expected in terms of the aerodynamics of that heat shield. It doesn't tumble or do something weird uh that was unexpected in flight, so that's very useful.
To have this video to show us that so in interest time, let's, skip ahead uh to about 15 seconds before backshell separation. So starting this video here, you can see that the spacecraft is rocking back and forth while hanging under the parachute.
This. This rocket is less than it was earlier in flight, but uh pretty much what we expect there, that white flash was back shell separation and you can see us throttle up and begin our divert maneuver.
You see the vehicle is turned over, so we're actually beginning to fly east and that's. Why? You can see the the delta over there as it as it maneuvers eastward to the eventual landing site it actually passes over.
The field of view will pass over the landing site and then kind of overshoot it a little bit because it & # 39. S got to stop that horizontal. Divert that we did. You can see everything's, nice and smooth.
Now that the engines are under control, that on-sheet parachute rocking is gone so here we are slowing down and stopping, and we're coming straight down on our eventual landing site. Here you can see that as we as we're really going to slow down here, you can see the engines as we get lower, throttle up there and uh and stop us here, and you can see it beginning to push all that dust around On the ground on the two sides that shaking there is the rover deploying and the mobility during skycrane and uh here we are coming down and that that rocking motion of the of the rover we'll, see in other videos, but that settles down Right before we hit the ground in a nice safe flat spot there, doesn't appear to be too much of concern.
That's right below us, so that was the rover's view looking down, let's. Take a look at the descent stage view looking down as well during that skycrane portion of flight uh. So here we go, the rover begins to drop away from the descent stage and that's.
The first, the first part of the mobility deployed. You can kind of see here right before we pause that the mobility kind of shook a little bit in that in that first deployment uh here you can see the uh, the bridles that are hanging down from the top of the picture.
Those are what's, supporting the weight of the rover below the descent stage, and if you look down toward the left, the bottom part of the image and toward the left, you can see that gold umbilical that's uh.
What's? Transferring all the information between the rover and the descent stage, including this video uh? This picture is coming down from the camera up on the descent stage down to the rover through that cord uh.
In addition to other information that's going back and forth, so as we uh keep going here, you can see the bogey that's on both sides of the mobility back. You see those wheels the back two wheels on either side swing down that caused a little bit of rocking of the rover as expected, but you can kind of see that kind of settles out a little bit uh right as we enter that that uh, that plume And dust cloud as we get down and touch down and the video ends a touchdown, of course, because the camera that's taking this video is about to leave this area in a hurry on that descent stage after we uh, we cut it loose From the rover um, so now let's.
Take a look at the rover, upload camera so now staring up at the uh at the descent stage from the rover. So here we go. We got a really close up, look at the descent stage and we can start rolling that you can see the descent stage as the rover begins to fall away from it and see the effect of that rover wobble from the mobility deploy so pausing here.
The first thing that most people will probably notice is that there's, no, no plumes or no visible smoke or anything else coming out of the rockets at the corner of the descent that's expected hydrazine doesn't.
Really isn't isn't, a combustion uh reaction when we, when we burn it, the exhaust products are nitrogen and hydrogen, which are clear. So we expect the the plumes to be clear that's. What we see in tests here on earth as well uh, so i can promise you those engines are on, though uh one thing you can see in this in the earth testing we do is that the chambers, the thrust chambers of those engines get kind of hot And glow pink - and you can kind of see that in here, especially if you look at the the the engine at the very top right of this image, if you look closely right above the uh the engine bell there on the truss chamber, you can see little Streaks of pink on there and that's.
What's happening as the engines have been on for a long time they get really hot um and that heat shows up there in those pink stripes that we see so take a look at that closely when you get a chance to uh.
To look at the image in some detail, as with the previous videos, you can see the bridles that are supporting the weight of the rover there at the bottom now of this image and that umbilical again transferring uh transferring data back and forth between the stage and The rover um, so let's, keep going a little bit more uh you'll, see the image begin to wobble a little bit here.
I can promise not the descent stage wobbling it's, actually that rover tipping back and forth a little bit as we saw as the mobility deploys. Both the first initial mobility deploy and then the the the bogeys deploying as we near touchdown.
Let's, slow it down a bit and proceed in slow-mo here um. So now we're watching about quarter speed. Things are getting pretty dusty here as we get down down toward the bottom uh. Take a look here at the bottom left of this picture.
Um, you'll, see actually the instance that we cut the descent stage away and you'll, see the models begin to get retracted up toward that descent stage as they're pulled up, and this is as planned see As they got yanked up there right before, and then we'll, see the descent stage begin to turn and ascend and head out uh toward the northwest, with the umbilical dangling behind it.
Since the rover was pointed almost directly to southeast, the descent stage chose to to go toward the back. That's, also, to make sure, of course, that the the engines don't plume. The rover that we don't damage the rover with those that engine thrust, so we sent that descent stage off to the northwest, which uh jessica will show you about in a little bit um.
So i can and have watched those videos for hours and keep seeing new stuff every time. So i invite you all to do that too. So now i'll turn it over to justin. Who will talk to you a little bit about the images we've been taking on the ground all right? Thank you.
Al! I'm justin mackey. I'm. The mars 2020 perseverance imaging scientist here and i develop imaging systems at jpl and uh when, when dave asked me to help out with the edl cam development about uh six years ago, we were, i was really excited about it and it would be challenging and interesting And even possibly spectacular, but i had no idea that it would be this amazing and we are so happy and proud, and i just want to thank dave and matt for just giving us the leadership and giving us the chance to do this.
Um, like matt and jennifer and rick and others on the project i've, i've, actually worked on all five of the nasa revolutions and as part of my job. I review images from mars like every day that's. What i do and when i saw these images come down, i have to say i was truly amazed.
I know it's been a tough year for everybody, and we're, hoping that maybe these images will, you know, help brighten people's day. You know your smartphones and make them your your screen backgrounds and things.
I'm, just really happy that it all worked out. So so now we're on mars and i'm, going to talk a little bit about what we've been doing over the weekend. Over the weekend, we deployed the rsm. If you go to the first picture, there's, a picture of the remote sensing mask the rsm, which is that mast on the rover, and you can see the navigation cameras up there, the left and right navigation cameras or nav cams, as we call Them this is another new imaging system that we've developed here, specifically for the 2020 mission.
These cameras represent a pretty significant advancement over previous imaging systems that we've flown. These are 20 megapixel, color cameras with very high resolution and wide angle lenses that we use to basically map out the surface as the river drives, and then we use these images to do planning and things, and so we um the first thing we did after we Deployed the mass is, we started imaging the surface, so the next slide shows one of our first images from the cameras.
This image is actually in low resolution mode, so it's, one quarter of the full resolution of the of the camera, so it's, been it's been shrunk down, but you can see right there, the vista that We're, seeing this is uh the rover, obviously on mars, and you can see some of the material that landed on the deck.
But everything looks in good shape, and so we're using these images to inspect not only the vehicle but the surface around us. The next slide shows the view down towards the surface. You can see the wheels there.
This is the same surface. You just saw in the edl cam videos. You can see some of the scouring that the rocket plumes did for us clean it off, make it nice and clean, so we can take pictures of it and dust it off for us.
The next slide shows a view. Looking out towards the south um, and this just an amazing scene here uh, this is it. This is mars where we're here in our place that we're, going to be exploring over the next months and coming years, and it's just really exciting to see um.
You know these scenes look familiar to us. You know they look earth-like in a sense. You know you see them the mountains back there and the rocks and things it just really is the surface of an alien world and we just arrived.
You can also see some more scouring there over on the right. The next image looks over towards the west. You can see the delta out there in the horizon and again more scouring from the rocket plumes, and then we take all of these images and we uh stitch them together into panoramas and so that next, the the next frame shows the full panorama from the nav Cam uh stitched together, we're, still working out the calibration of things.
So this is uh. You know approximate color, but it just gives you a feel for the vista here that we we're, our new environment, that we're, going to explore uh and we're, hoping uh. Everyone will join us uh in um, seeing these images we're uh.
Today we're, going to be releasing a whole slew of raw images. It's, been a fire hose of data. Basically, we have thousands of images already from the edl cameras: nav cams uh, you've, seen the haz cams, and so we will be putting those uh out on the website today, uh for people to download and uh process yourself or just look at The great picture find your favorite picture and uh make it make it your screen background, and then the last image that i just wanted to point out is the first image one of the first images from the mastcam z camera.
This is another next generation imaging system on the rover. Jim bell is the the pi i'm, the deputy pi for this working with our industry partners, ms cubed down in san diego. This is just a fantastic imaging system.
This is a preview of things to come. This system has a zoom lens on it that's. What the z stands for uh and we're, going to get incredibly high resolution photos from this imaging system. I just wanted to point out a few things in this picture on the far right.
You can see those cables where they had been cut uh in the video that you just saw. So there's, kind of a close-up of that and then just in the middle to the left of that that black instrument, that's uh the rover upload camera that's.
The camera that actually took the video of the sky crane as as we were coming down and then in the bottom of the frame, is the mass cam z calibration target set there's, two of them there's. The circular one with the the shadow post and then the color chips down the bottom.
There's, another cal target in the back. That's. The super cam instrument with our partners, from los alamos and in france, we're, going to be commissioning super cam over the next few days and then finally, just as a teaser, i'll point out that there is a little antenna There to the right on that uh box on the center right, that is, the helicopter antenna that's, a helicopter base station location and a preview of things to come.
We're excited about that as well. So with that, i'm, going to turn it over to jessica to talk about the latest status. All right, thank you justin. I know you can uh test first hand to being in the control room and the excitement that everybody has been experiencing.
Seeing all these images from the surface and as they come down, you know we're immediately, sharing them and everybody clapping and smiles all around great camera suite. So i am happy to report that uh perseverance is healthy and uh continuing with activities, as we have been uh planning them over the first few saws on the surface to date, uh, which is really only just you, know, three solves of activities, and one more and Coming up later this afternoon, we've, commanded, five thou we've executed.
Five thousand commands so lots of uh instructions to the vehicle for um for her to perform and uh having everything come back exactly how we've, been wanting it to with respect to our health checkouts and our instrument at checkout, so that's been things have been going well, a couple of key highlights, so we have fired and replete and released our launch lock restraints to allow our mechanisms to be deployed.
We saw the remote sensing mast, but one of those also being the high gain antenna. Now this is important for the high gain antenna to be deployed because it increases our uplink rate to the rover, and so it will allow us to send a higher volume of instructions to perseverance and allow her to perform more involved activities over the days to come.
Additionally, with respect to our communication uh, we have established a strong communication link with all of our related orbiters and our partners. The mars reconnaissance orbiter, the maven orbiter trace gas observer, the tgo and odyssey spacecraft, and so we thank those teams and are happy to be able to use those assets to relay all of the information that we all, these beautiful images that we are looking at today.
The remote sensing mash remote sensing mast, motion checks were nominal and as expected, and all of our instruments have gone through their initial checkouts and are happy to report that they are all performing nominally and as expected.
Now, when i say nominal, it really means fantastic, because we can & # 39. T wait to continue to use this payload suite our backup computer was turned on yesterday, and that was in preparation for our upcoming flight software uh transition, which we will be performing over.
The next few days and the ingenuity helicopter has also been checked out. We have performed a battery charging event which we will continue to perform over the weeks to come in preparation for that aspect of the mission, but, looking ahead, we are excited to be par to be on our surface flight software.
This is a much more uh surface, capable a lot more capabilities for the surface mission as part of this flight software load. It will take us a few days uh to transition, but once we're on that load, it will allow us to do further in-depth checkouts of the instrument, as well as deploy the robotic arm and exercise some of the turret items that you see In this image, so you can see that we have our coring drill in the center.
Our pixel and sherlock instruments mounted to the side and that black tank is to support the gut the gas dust removal tool which will uh remove uh dust from the surfaces that we will be inspecting later so uh coming up here, the uh the wheels uh.
If you noticed in the image now are off to the side, we will be performing a wiggle. We'll straighten those up. We'll, do a short drive, uh and, as i mentioned, deploy the robotic arm and then continue with further in-depth checkouts.
So we are very excited to be happily on the surface and and exercising our system and looking for what's ahead. So going back to our partnership with the larger mars um, spacecraft and science teams and community, we & # 39.
Re really excited that the mro spacecraft, mars reconnaissance orbiter and the highrise team was able to find our hardware on the surface of mars. So if you see in this image, if the next pop-up, you can see that we have the descent stage, the parachute and the heat shield all here, um in this image, with a few stats here, the descent stage is about 700 meters, away from where perseverance is On the surface, parachute is about 1.
2 kilometers and the heat shield about 1.5 kilometers, and so it's, a very exciting that we can see all these different components. Now that we & # 39, ve landed on the surface and as a special treat uh, the high-rise image was able to actually acquire um the entry descent landing event from their perspective, and we can never have enough images of this activity.
And so this is a fantastic view uh, but i'm, going to send it back to dave here. He uh as part of this suite. We have one more surprise or one more uh gift. I'll, say um that uh that we've been able to receive from this package over here dave thanks jessica, so i think we probably have overloaded your visual sense for a little bit, but we're gonna.
Do something a little bit different and i'm gonna have some fun here for a second too. So i'm gonna get rid of this, and i'm going to talk to you now with this. This is the microphone that was part of the edl camera system, when the edl cam system was first envisioned.
It was set up as just a bunch of cameras to capture some amazing imagery on the surface of mars and about a year or so after it was first conceived. I got a phone call. Another call from matt after talking to headquarters, asked the question: could we possibly put a microphone as part of our edl camera system? So we worked with the team.
We took a look and uh sure enough. It was something that we could do, and so we started off that detailed design and uh identifying a microphone that would work for us and uh getting it onto the vehicle about a year after this first started, i'm, giving a tour at jpl And i happened to mention to the group that i was giving the tour to that.
The decision had come down and we're working to actually include a microphone onto onto the vehicle and after the tour was done. A gal came up to me and she said some things to me that i won't forget anytime soon.
She said i'm super excited that you guys are going to try to put a microphone onto the rover and get it to the surface of mars, and - and i was very appreciative - and i asked her afterwards - i said i'm Curious, why is it that this relates to you so much, and her response was that her sister was visually impaired.
She was not able to see these images that that we saw earlier or that we sent down in the past, and while she tries to describe them to her, she felt that she just can't quite capture that same sense of amazement that she Gets when she gets in visually and that by actually getting a microphone at the surface of mars, the hope was that she'd, be able to experience things on mars.
The same way that uh that she was when she actually looked at them and that stuck with me, we continued to work super hard to make sure that this microphone would work and that's. Part of the reason we were disappointed.
Why it didn't work when we actually went and did our entry descent landing sequence um? I wish i had actually captured that individual's name. I would love to reach out to her now and say we've done it.
I hope your sister is enjoying it, because what i'm, going to show you in a second or what i'm going to you're going to hear in a second is actually the first sounds being recorded from The surface of mars, so there are two microphones on the perseverance vehicle there's.
This microphone here, part of the entry, descent and landing system, and there's, a second microphone that's on the supercam instrument and we're. We're counting on both of these instruments. Recording some absolutely amazing uh sounds from the surface of mars, so with that um i invite you now to if you would like to close your eyes and just imagine yourself sitting on the surface of mars and listening to to the surroundings.
If i could have the first one, please so that gentle whirl, that happens in the background, that is a noise made by the rover. But yes, what you did here 10 seconds in was an actual wind gust on the surface of mars, picked up by the microphone sent back to us here on earth.
The nexus indicates that was around a five meter per second type of wind gust, so we have actually. We can sit here now and actually tell you that we have recorded sound from the surface of mars. So we have a second one which basically further reduces the noise of the rover.
So you can just hear uh what the wind would sound like on mars and once again i invite you to sit back and have a listen to what it would sound like to be on mars. That's. Just it's, cool it's, really neat overwhelming.
If you will um, i can't, remember what i was going to go and say next um, so looking forward to doing some amazing things with the microphones going forward. We need to work with the ops team. There's, some great science, that they're.
They're. Looking to do we're hopeful that we continue to use these microphones. Both the super cam microphone and the edl cam microphone to capture sounds perhaps the rocks interacting with the surface supercam is going to use theirs to get some great data of them.
Zapping rocks so as you've heard, and we'll continue here. We're just beginning to do amazing things on the surface of mars, and now ken is going to talk to you a little bit about the science that we've done to date and what they're.
Looking forward to doing as we continue to move forward, thanks dave and i'll start by just taking this opportunity to say to matt dave, al and everybody else on this fantastic team. Thank you for the ride of a lifetime.
That is just incredible. What we've, seen today and and what i'm sure we'll. We'll, continue to see as the mission unfolds. So with all the focus on these uh spectacular videos and audio uh. We wanted to make sure to remind you that there is plenty of science going on already with hundreds of team members poring over every new image.
So if we can get the first of those uh images, as you'll see in this navcam frame, we start with what may seem like very basic observations. Light rocks, dark rocks holy rocks that's holy with an e. We use.
These very generic terms at this early stage, until we have more data that allow us to test our hypotheses and make more confident interpretations follow along with the mission and you'll, see the theme as we get closer.
Our view of mars continues to resolve and a coherent story emerges next image please. Finally, i just want to briefly point out that we are finding real science value in these edl cam videos. Here you can see a beautiful new perspective on the jezero delta and if we can get the next image, also a new perspective on some of the beautiful stratigraphy around our landing site, which is, is up near uh uh on the far right side of this image.
Uh so now, to put all of this in context for us, i'll hand it over to dr thomas zurbukin. Well, what we've seen here today is really nothing short of amazing. You know - and i perhaps you've - had moments like this before some of you have told me that i was too young to remember, but they had a moment like that, for example, when they observed the first landing on the phone they had moments.
Like that, where it felt that we took a big leap - a big leap, not just in this case because of at jpl or at nasa, but at big loop as humanity, uh. Of course, it's, a leap that was enabled by work over decades and on this mission for close to a decade.
So what's possible today or feels possible is different, even and yesterday it's, how it feels to make history, and i just that's. How i feel today, i'm, so moved by this wow. The video of perseverance to sand and landing, and the amazing panorama and the first white landscape, shot of jesuit scene with human eyes and the first martian sounds - are the closest you can get the landing on mars without putting on a pressure suit.
That video, i believe, should become mandatory view for young people who not only want to explore other worlds and build spacecraft to take them there, but also want to be part of diverse teams. Achieving all the audacious goals of our future.
At the center of that is a team, and i'll ask for the next image. Now you should know. I met this team. I see me there in a dark suit. Next to dr laurie glaze, the body division director and how he just uh.
He just talked to you is on his knee and there and he entered ascendant landing team and we met him just hours before that historic landing, and i love this picture because of course the event today demonstrates that the human aspect of exploration - and that is of Course every reason for what we can do at nasa and also why we do things video images here are provided to us are from the surface of mars, and sometimes we forget, if we look at that, well hope it shouldn't, get all the Fun uh: we want to make sure that all of us on earth see and feel what it's like to be on our mars and explore other worlds.
I'm, so excited for the more than one million students who join the mars student challenge and the many more across the world will be inspired by these images released today and even yesterday, their journey is also just the beginning.
Just imagine imagine perseverance, sitting on a hill recording the next martian landing with a cargo that is basically a rocket and then the first from another world with samples bound for earth that are collected by perseverance now in the near future.
Imagine follow the entry descendant of the first human crew on the planetary surface, sometimes in the future. These hit future historical way, which i'm. Confident will happen, will be enabled by women and men working in diverse teams.
Imagine the goals we can achieve together. So what is possible sometimes to address that question? It's, good to look back and think where we've come from just like my friend mike did earlier. We've, been on a journey both as a human race for for quite a while now, and i don't want to show this next image of sojourner of the pathfinder mission uh, which was designed for seven souls or martian days Or so maybe 30 ultimately lasted for 85 earth days in 1997.
. I remember that really this thing clear through pathfinder instead in indeed that you know weighed 23 pounds and i returned a surprising amount of data back to earth and i'm, trying a surprising amount of science for many scientists.
I must say some people didn't. It's back quite that much and that's. What happened sometimes too, when you were in a white bait just like uh, we've. Seen here. We've grown from that seat. That perseverance is the size of a small car and it's.
Ready for us for the next shine leaves, and here's, a picture that we're. Putting up. That is one of the many pictures that we're. Releasing and of course it's, a picture one of my absolute favorite and that's, a picture of the sample caching system on there because it's that sample caching system.
That will connect this mission to the samples that will bring back to earth and other historic feed. We're working on this system is on the surface of much now i remember just by looking at it before we packed it up from jpl and moved it over.
Then, of course, uh launched it uh from from the top of a rocket that's, my friends, it's, one of the indelible moments in nasa's, history, where what we can see and what we can learn and What we can hope for in the future and the extraordinary emotions that takes makes us feel all of us coming together.
That human element will fill our future at mars, which is bright indeed, and it will fuel the dreams of a new generation and will return to mars and also study the samples that we will eventually bring home.
I'm, so grateful to this team and literally the thousands both at jpl and within the us and around the world to all of you who have engaged in this mission. As has been noted, the raw image pipeline is opening up.
Please go take a look at these data and play with them, especially those of you, uh, the children and the youth that have signed up to our educational campaign. What can you find in these pictures and who's going to compose the first piece of music with actual mars sound mike matt jennifer al many of you leaders and could not be more proud of both you and your team on behalf of our